Bylaws

The following set of Bylaws shall apply to all those involved in programming and production of programmes for BOL HYDERABAD, henceforth known as CRS. This does not exclude members of the university community and those residing within the coverage area of the CRS. This will be read in conjunction with the BOL HYDERABAD CONSTITUTION and shall include the rules and regulations governing the functioning of the CRS.

No person involved in programming on the CRS shall discuss constitution or the bylaws on air.  Any grievance pertaining to the policies may be addressed to the Faculty In-charge.

These bylaws are final and may be amended only by the Radio Advisory Council (RAC), henceforth referred to as the Council with a 2/3rds majority.

Definitions:
As per the bylaws:

Programming Guidelines: All those guidelines laid down in these bylaws, including the amendments thereof from time to time.
Programming Staff: All those involved in programming, not excluding volunteer members of the university community and those residing outside the university campus.
Copyright: The rights on programmes that are produced by the CRS, artistic works created by others that are used for broadcast on the CRS. The CRS is bound by the Copyright Act of the country.

Section One: Programming Guidelines

1.1. All programming shall conform to the guidelines as laid down by the Government of India for community radios in the country.

In general the CRS shall adhere to these guidelines. The CRS shall ensure that programmes aired do not:

a) Offend or are not in good taste or decent,
b) Contain criticism of friendly countries;
c) Contain attacks on religions or communities or visuals or words contemptuous of religious groups or which either promote or result in promoting communal discontent or disharmony’
d) Contain anything obscene, defamatory, deliberate, false and suggestive innuendoes and half truths.
e) Encourage or incite violence or contains anything against maintenance of law and order of which promote anti-national attitudes.
f) Contain anything amount to contempt of Court or anything affecting the integrity of the Nation.
g) Contain aspersions against the dignity of the President/Vice President and the Judiciary of the India.
h) Criticise, malign or slander any individual in person or certain groups, segments of social, public and moral life of the country.
i)  Encourage superstition or blind belief
j)  Denigrate women
k) Denigrate children
l)  Present/depict or any stereotype, incite, vilify or perpetuate hatred against or attempt to demean any person or group on the basis of ethnicity, nationality, race, gender, sexual preference, religion age or physical or mental disability.

1.2  In addition to these, the CRS shall refrain from encouraging or involving any of the students’, faculty and non-teaching political groups on the campus.

1.3  The CRS licence is issued by the Government of India. We are defined as a Campus Community Radio Station.  As a CRS, our main objective is to provide quality alternative programming including community members.  Programmes will include music, in-depth spoken word, programmes targeted to specific groups within the communities.

All members involved in programming are directly responsible for understanding and observing these regulations. They include, among those mentioned above, the following conditions:

No member involved in programming shall broadcast:
(a)anything in contravention of the law;
(b)any abusive comment that, when taken in context, tends to or is likely to expose an individual or a group or class of individuals to hatred or contempt on the basis of race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, sexual orientation, age or mental or physical disability;
(c)any obscene or profane language;
(d)any false or misleading news; or
(e)any telephone interview or conversation, or any part thereof, with any person unless

1.4.  For clarification of, and in addition to these rules please observe the following:

Profanity, Obscenity, Indecency
The use of obscene, profane or indecent language on the air is not allowed. If unsure about something please ask the Station Co-ordinator for advice. No debates on this will be allowed. The above words have been described as follows:

Obscene: Depicts or describes, in a patently offensive way, sexual conduct
Profane:  Depicts or describes, in a patently offensive way, disrespect towards God or religion
Indecent:  Depicts or describes, in terms patently offensive, sexual or excretory activities or organs; language is wrong.
Slander: Slander is any communication that causes injury to the reputation of an individual or group. It is possible to make fair comment, but you must have facts to support yourself. The Station Co-ordinator may be contacted in case of doubt.
Defamation: Defamatory remarks about race, religion, creed, sex, sexual orientation, etc. are absolutely prohibited. Discrimination against recognizable minority groups is illegal.
Sex Role Stereotyping: Sex role stereotyping remarks are also prohibited. Sex role stereotyping is portraying a sex in traditionally downgrading roles. This includes sexist language (unequal treatment on the basis of gender), negative sex-role portrayal (gives people bad characteristics on the basis of their sex) and systematic discrimination (denying opportunity and advancement based on sex).

Elections:
While the election process can be discussed on radio, nothing can be said about elections or their outcome on the day of the vote or the day before the vote. Notices on what we can or cannot broadcast during elections will be posted in the station during election times.

Criticizing Governments:
While fair criticism of the government is allowed (Central, State or Municipal) use of names is disallowed. The CRS shall not in any manner advocate the use of force.

In case of doubt, the programming staff should contact the Station Co-ordinator

Section Two: Use of Copyright material

2.1  In the simplest terms, “copyright” means “the right to copy.” Only the owner of copyright, usually the creator of the work, is allowed to produce or reproduce the work in question or to permit anyone else to do so.
2.2  Use of any material on the radio station will be governed by the Copyright Act in vogue in the country.  Only music to which the CRS has copyright shall be broadcast.  Artistes, bands etc who wish to have their works broadcast will be required to fill in a release form that will acquit the CRS from any copyright issues.
2.3  Copyrights of all programmes produced by the programming staff (see below) shall be vested with the CRS.
If the reader of these bylaws feels that this explanation is insufficient, she may refer to the relevant Copyright Act.

Section Three: Programming Staff
3.1 All those involved in programming, not excluding volunteer members of the university community and those residing outside shall be referred to as programming staff as per these bylaws.
3.2  All those involved in programming shall register with the CRS. Every member of the programming staff shall acquaint oneself with the facilities before going on air.
3.3  They shall remain courteous both on and off air.
3.4 It will be the responsibility of the programming staff to book equipment in advance, its safekeeping and return it to the CRS.
3.5  Damage to the equipment shall be recovered from the programming staff.  They are advised to be careful with equipment.
3.6  No programming staff shall broadcast music or any pre-recorded without getting a release form signed by the talent. She shall seek permission from the Station Co-ordinator for broadcast of all programmes.
3.7  Every programming staff shall maintain a log of the programmes that she has produced and broadcast.  The logs may sometimes be accompanied by additional forms.  Programming staff are obliged to fill in those forms too.
3.8  No member of the programming staff shall smoke or be found in an intoxicated state under the influence of substances inside the studio.
3.9  Food or liquids are not allowed into the studios.
3.9.1  No member of the programming staff shall attempt to copy programmes or parts thereof without the express permission of the Station Co-ordinator
3.9.2  Every member of the programming staff shall log all the segments of his/her programme and arrange for proper archiving of the same.

Section Four:  Advertising Code 

The CRS is bound by the AIR Advertising Code the relevant portions of which are reproduced below:
1. Advertising shall be designed as to confirm to the laws of the country and should not offend against morality, decency and religious susceptibilities of the people.
2. No advertisement shall be permitted which:-
derides any race, caste, color, creed and nationality;
is against any of the directive principles, or any other provision of the Constitution of India;
tends to incite people to crime, cause disorder or violence, or breach of law or glorifies violence or obscenity in any way;
presents criminality as desirable;
adversely affects friendly relations with foreign States;
exploits the national emblem, or any part of the constitution or the person or personality of a national leader or State Dignitary;
relates to or promotes cigarettes and tobacco products, liquor, wines and other intoxicants;

3. No advertisements message shall in any way be presented as News.
4. No advertisements shall be permitted the objects whereof are wholly or mainly of a religious or political natures; advertisement must not be directed towards any religious or political end or have relation to any industrial dispute.
5. Advertisements for services concerned with the following shall not be accepted:-

1. Money lenders;
2. Chit funds;
3. Saving schemes and lotteries other than those conducted by Centeral and State Government organisations, nationalised or recgonised banks and public sector undertakings;
4. Matrimonial agencies;
5. Unlicenced employment services;
6. Fortune tellers or sooth-sayers etc. and those with claims of hypnotism;
7. Foreign goods and foreign banks.
8. Betting tips and guide books etc. relating to horse-racing or the other games of chance.

6. The items advertised shall not suffer from any defect or deficiency as mentioned in Consumer Protection Act 1986.

7. No advertisement shall contain reference, which are likely to lead the public to infer that the product advertised or any advertised or any of its ingredients has some special or miraculous or super-natural property or quality, which is difficult of being proved, e.g. cure for baldness, skin whitener, etc.

8. No advertisement shall contain the words “Guarantee” or “Guaranteed” etc., unless the full terms of the guanrantee are available for inspection are clearly set out in the advertisement and are made available to the purchaser in the writing at the point of sale or with the goods; in all cases, terms must include details of the remedial action available to the purchaser. No advertisement shall contain a direct or implied reference reference to any guarantee which purports to take away or diminish the legal rights of the purchaser.

9. Advertisers or the agents must be prepared to produce evidence to substantiate any claims or illustrations. In case of goods covered by mandatory quality control orders, the advertiser shall produce quality certificate from the institutions recognised by the Government for this purpose.

10. Advertisements shall not contain disparaging of derogatory references to another product or service.

11. Testimonials must be genuine and used in a manner not to mislead the listeners. Advertisers or Advertising Agencies must be prepared to produce evidence in support of their claims.

12. No advertisement of any kind of jewellery (except artificial jewellery) or precious stones shall be accepted.

13. Information to consumers on matters of weight, quality or prices of products where given shall be accurate.

14. Advertisements indicating price comparisons or reductions must comply with relevant laws

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